(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
- Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment.
- Inclusive Growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Major Crops – Cropping Patterns in various parts of the country, – Different Types of Irrigation and Irrigation Systems; Storage, Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce and Issues and Related Constraints; E-technology in the aid of farmers.
- Issues related to Direct and Indirect Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support Prices; Public Distribution System – Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping; Issues of Buffer Stocks and Food Security; Technology Missions; Economics of Animal-Rearing.
- Food Processing and Related Industries in India- Scope’ and Significance, Location, Upstream and Downstream Requirements, Supply Chain Management.
- Land Reforms in India.
- Effects of Liberalization on the Economy, Changes in Industrial Policy and their Effects on Industrial Growth.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
- Investment Models.
- Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.
- Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology; Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology.
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
- Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.
- Disaster and Disaster Management.
- Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism.
- Role of External State and Non-state Actors in creating challenges to Internal Security.
- Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks, Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in Internal Security Challenges, Basics of Cyber Security; Money-Laundering and its prevention.
- Security Challenges and their Management in Border Areas – Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism.
- Various Security Forces and Agencies and their Mandate.
|Indian Economy & Issues Relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development & Employment|
|PlanningMeaning of PlanningNeed for Planning in Economic DevelopmentImperative Vs. Indicative Vs. Structural PlanningObjectives of PlanningIndian Planning HistoryTechniques of Indian PlanningAchievements & Failures of Indian PlanningShortcomings of Planning in IndiaNITI Aayog Vs. Planning CommissionMobilisation of ResourcesTypes of Resources – Financial, Human, Natural etc.Need for Resource MobilisationRole of Savings & InvestmentGovernment Resources – Tax & Non-Tax ( or Fiscal & Monetary Policy)Banking Sector & NBFCsCapital MarketExternal Sources – FDI, ODA etc.Public Borrowing & Management of Public DebtChallenges in Mobilising Resources for DevelopmentSteps That Can Be TakenGrowth & DevelopmentMeaning of Development & GrowthDifference between Development & Growth||Determinants of Growth & DevelopmentImportance & Limitations of Economic GrowthJobless GrowthPro-Poor GrowthBalanced & Unbalanced GrowthDimensions of DevelopmentMeasurement & Indicators of DevelopmentApproaches to Development:Market-Based ApproachRole of State and Planned ApproachMixed Economy ApproachChallenges to Development & GrowthEmploymentNature – Rural vs. Urban, Formal Vs. InformalTerms Related to Employment – Labour Force Participation Rate, Employment Rate, Working Age Population etc.Sectoral Distribution of EmploymentQuality of EmploymentCauses of Lack of EmploymentRestructuring of WorkforceGovernment Initiatives for Generating Employment|
|Inclusive Growth & Issues Arising From It|
|What is Inclusive Growth?Elements of Inclusive GrowthNeed for Inclusive Growth||Indicators of Inclusive GrowthChallenges in Achieveing Inclusive Growth in India12th FYP & Inclusive Growth|
|Need for Government BudgetingComponents of the Government BudgetRevenue Account – Revenue Receipts & Revenue ExpenditureCapital Account – Capital Receipts & Capital ExpenditureChanges in Budgetary Process in 2017Measures of Government DeficitRevenue Deficit||Fiscal DeficitPrimary DeficitFiscal PolicyDeficit ReductionFRBM ActOther Types of Budgets – Outcome, Zero-Based, etc.|
|Land Reforms in India|
|Rationale for Land ReformsComponents of Land ReformsImpact of Land ReformsProblems in Implementaion of Land Reforms||Success of Land ReformsRecent Initiatives – Land Leasing, Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act, etc.|
|Effects of Liberalization on the Economy|
|Phase of Liberalisation||Impact on Different Sectors of the Economy|
|Changes In Industrial Policy & their Effects on Industrial Growth|
|Industrial Policy Before 1991Industrial Policy After 1991Phases of Industrial GrowthLinkage Between Economic Reforms and Economic Outcomes||Weaknesses and Failures of Industrial PoliciesNational Manufacturing PolicySEZsMake in India|
|Need for InvestmentSources of InvestmentTypes of Investment ModelsDomestic Investment ModelsPublic Investment ModelPrivate Investment ModelPublic Private Participation Investment Model||Foreign Investment Models:FDIFII, etc.Sector Specific Investment ModelsCluster Based Investment ModelsInvestment Models Followed by India|
|Major Crops Cropping Patterns in Various Parts of the Country|
|Importance of Cropping PatternTypes of Cropping PatternReasons Why Cropping Pattern Differ||Factors Influencing Cropping PatternEmerging Trends in Cropping PatternLong-Run Effects of Current Trends in Cropping Pattern|
|Different Types of Irrigation & Irrigation Systems Storage|
|Modes of IrrigationSources of IrrigationChoosing an Irrigation SystemProblems Associated with Irrigation||Progress of Irrigation Under Five Year PlansEnvironmental Effects of IrrigationNeed for Systemic Irrigation ReformsNeed for a National Water Policy|
|Transport & Marketing of Agricultural Produce & Issues & Related Constraints|
|Process of Agricultural Marketing – Marketing Channels, Functionaries, Costs, etc.Role of FCIRegulated MarketsWarehousingCooperative MarketingShortcomings of Current Agricultural Marketing Process||APMCsNational Agricultutral Market (NAM)Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO)Contract FarmingFutures Trading in Agricultural Commodities|
|E-Technology in the Aid of Farmers, Technology Missions|
|Issues Related to Direct & Indirect Farm Subsidies & Minimum Support Prices|
|Agricultural Pricing PolicyRationale for SubsidiesTypes of Subsidies||Effectiveness, Extent & Problems of SubsisiesClash with WTO Agreements|
|Public Distribution System Objectives, Functioning, Limitations, Revamping|
|Objectices/SignificanceFunctioning – Fair Price Shops, FCI, Ration Cards, Aadhar Linking, etc.Shortcomings or Problems Associated with PDS||Need to Improve the Working of PDSMeasures to Improve the Loopholes & Lacunaes Associated with PDSSteps Taken by Governement in this Regard|
|Issues of Buffer Stocks & Food Security|
|Buffer Stock – Objectives & Norms in IndiaImpact of Government Procurement & Distribution||Need for Food SecurityNFSM And othe Food Security Realted Government Initiatives|
|Economics of Animal-Rearing|
|Food Processing & Related Industries in India|
|Scope & Potential in IndiaSignificanceLocationConstraints and Challenges||Upstream & Downstream RequirementsSupply Chain ManagementGovernment Policies and Initiatives – SAMPADA, 12th FYP, etc.|
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
|Developments & their Applications & Effects in Everyday Life|
|Chemicals in FoodArtificial Sweetening AgentsFood PreservativesDrugsAntacidAntihistaminesNeurologically Active DrugsTranquilizersAnalgesicsAntimicrobialsAntibioticsAntiseptic and Disinfectant||Anti-Fertility Drugs, etc.Cleansing AgentsSoapsSynthetic detergentsGlassWater SoftenerWater Purification/DisinfectionMicrowave Oven, etc.|
|Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology|
|Chandrasekhara Venkata RamanAcharya Jagadish Chandra BoseSatyendra Nath BoseMeghnad SahaHomi Jehangir BhabhaSubrahmanyan Chandrasekhar||A.P.J. Abdul KalamVikram SarabhaiMokshagundam VisvesvarayaHar Gobind KhoranaTessy ThomasC.N.R. Rao|
|Indigenization of Technology & Developing New Technology|
|IT & ComputersSpaceNanotechnologyBiotechnology||RoboticsDefenceNuclear|
|Awareness in Different Fields|
|IT & ComputersSpaceNanotechnologyBiotechnology||RoboticsDefenceNuclear|
|Issues Relating to Intellectual Property Rights|
|Need for Intellectual Property RightsTypes of IPRIPR Regime in India||International Agreements Related to IPRsGeographical IndicatorsRecent Issues – Evergreening, Compuslory Licensing, Prominent Cases etc.|
BIODIVERSITY & ENVIRONMENT
|What is Biodiversity?Types of Biodiversity – Genetic, Species, Ecosystem, etc.Importance of Biodivesirty – Ecosystem Services, Bio Resources of Economic Importance, Social Benefits etc.Resasons for Loss of Biodiversity||ConservationIn-situ & Ex-SituEco-Sensitive AreasEcological HotspotsNational Guidelines, Legislations & Other Programmes.International Agreements & Groupings|
|Environmental Pollution & Degradation|
|Types of Pollution & PollutantsImpact of Pollution & DegradationOzone Layer Depletion and Ozone HoleGreenhouse Gas Effect & Global WarmingEutrophicationDesertificationAcid RainHazardous Waste, etc.||Causes/Sources of Pollution & DegradationPrevention & Control of Pollution & DegradationNational Environment Agencies, Legislations and PoliciesInternational Environment Agencies & Agreements|
|Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)|
|What is EIA?Indian Guidelines & LegislationsEIA Process||Need & Benefits of EIAShortcomings of EIA in IndiaMeasures to Make EIA Effective|
|Types of DisastersManagement of Disasters||Community Level Disaster ManagementGovernement Initiatives on Disaster Management|
|Linkages Between Development & Spread of Extremism|
|Factors Responsible for Spread of ExtremismSteps that State can Taken to Reduce the Spread of Extremism due to Underdevelopment||Naxalism|
|Role of External State & Non-State Actors in Creating Challenges to Internal Security|
|Threats from Non-State ActorsJ&K SeparatismLeft Wing ExtremismNorth East InsurgencyTerrorism in Hinterland & Border AreasRight Wing TerrorismReasons for Spread of TerrorismState Sponsored Terrorism||Institutional Framework to Tackle Challenge of Internal SecurityNIANATGRIDMACUAPATADAPOTANCTC|
|Challenges to Internal Security Through Communication Networks|
|Role of Media & Social Networking Sites in Internal Security ChallengesChallenges in Managing Social Media||Steps That can be Taken|
|Basics of Cyber Security|
|Cyber SecurityThreats to Indian Cyber SecuritySteps taken by India||International Cooperation on Cyber SecurityCyber WarfareTerms Associated with Cyber Security|
|Money-Laundering & its Prevention|
|Process of Money LaunderingImpact of Money LaunderingChallenges to Tackle Money Laundering||Steps to Counter Money LaunderingTerms Related To Money Laundering|
|Security Challenges & their Management in Border Areas|
|Challenges in Managing Border Security – Coastal & TerrestrialLand Boundary Disputes with Neighbours||India’s Policy in Border Area Security Management|
|Linkages of Organized Crime with Terrorism|
|Types of Organised CrimeChallenges in Controlling Organised Crime||Indian Context – Link between Organised Crime & Terrorism|
|Various Security Forces & Agencies & Their Mandate|
|Central Armed Police ForcesCentral Paramilitary Forces||Security & Intelligence Agencies – IB. R&WA, etc.|